AXIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF PHYSICS AND TECHNICAL SUBJECTS STUDY OF THE FUTURE ENGINEERS
Keywords:Axiology of education, future engineers, students’ self-study, subject motivation, technical education, values orientation
Formulation of the problem. Formation and development of the value orientations of the individual is the groundwork of education of young people at all educational levels. Necessity for axiologization of the process of education of the future engineers is strengthened by the specifics of technical and technological activity in the situation of the widespread use of ICT. Integration of value-motivational factors with the physics and technical disciplines study is an actual aspect in the development of modern higher technical education. Methods. The research uses a conceptual and comparative analysis of psycho-pedagogical and methodological literature, innovative experience and generalization of the authors’ long-term experience in pedagogical activity, as well as observation, conversations with teachers and students of higher educational institutions. Results. By the concretization of the functions, the essence of axiology in the system of higher education has been found out. The importance of transferring the motives of educational activity from the final result to the process and the determining role of motives for self-education has been established. The interrelations between the degree of value-motivational development of the personality and his individual characteristics are investigated. There is shown the essence of the phenomenon of attitude to study, its types have been determined. The research concretizes the place and importance of the most important professionally significant moral and ethical principles. Conclusions. Axiologization of higher technical education is a powerful means of forming the social, personal, subject and professional competence of the future engineer. Creation of the corresponding personally oriented didactic means is based on interdisciplinary methodological approaches in higher education.
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