STEM APPROACH TO PHYSICS STUDY OF FUTURE ENGINES: STUDY OF THE PHENOMENA OF ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION

Authors

  • Iryna Slipukhina National Aviation University
  • Alla Bovtruk National Aviation University
  • Serhiy Mieniailov National Aviation University
  • Serhiy Maximov National Aviation University
  • Volodymyr Kalenchenko National Aviation University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18372/2306-1472.76.13167

Keywords:

computer-based system of physical experiment, digital measuring complex, general physics, electromagnetic induction, engineering method, STEM, scientific method, STM32

Abstract

Formulation of the problem. Actuality of the introduction of the STEM approach during general physics study is determined by the need for the formation of competences for conducting practical-oriented research by students from the first year: scientific and engineering methods of understanding reality help future engineers to form the scientific and technological picture of the world. Analysis of research. The phenomenon of electromagnetic induction is a complex subject in the course of general physics; at the same time; it has wide practical application. A modern physical experiment is a universal means for future specialists to acquire relevant research competencies; a computer-oriented system of physical experiment effectively forms the general scientific and professional skills of future engineers. The purpose of the article was to study the didactic peculiarities of the use of scientific and engineering (STEM) research methods in the study of the phenomena of electromagnetic induction by the future engineers in the course of general physics. Methods. theoretical and empirical methods of scientific research are applied: methods of analysis and modeling; pedagogical experiment; observational and praximetric methods for determining the effectiveness; efficiency and practical suitability of the methodical system. Results and discussion. The study of the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction using the computer-oriented system of physical experiment demonstrates the stages of the scientific method of research; which begins with the formulation of the problem; the construction of theoretical models; continues with the hypothesis; followed by experimental verification; the processing of experimental data and their interpretation; the search for additional information; adjustment experiment; the advancement of new hypotheses and their subsequent verification. The STEM approach for the EMI study has been implemented in accordance with the engineering method of research. It was carried out through the design stages; which include: brainstorming; the introduction of methods for implementing the installation; the selection of materials; the creation of a prototype and its multiple testing. Conclusions. The application of different approaches oriented both to scientific research in the computer-based system of physical experiment and to the engineering method using STEM training shows practical applicability and effectiveness: implementation of this aim required the attraction and development of various levels of competencies starting from algorithmic actions to creative approach in the case of self-creation of an experimental installation. It is revealed that STEM is an engineering method in educational research by its content and purpose. Further development requires appropriate organizational and pedagogical conditions for the implementation of the methodical system for physics study of future engineers using STEM.

Author Biographies

Iryna Slipukhina, National Aviation University

Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences; Associate Professor.

Department of the Educational and Research Institute of Information and Diagnostic Systems of National Aviation University

Education: National Pedagogical Dragomanov University (1991).

Research area: theory and methods of teaching physics in high school.

Alla Bovtruk, National Aviation University

PhD; Associate Professor.

Physics Department of the Educational and Research Institute of Information and Diagnostic Systems of National Aviation University

Education: Kiev State Pedagogical Gorky Institute (1971).

Research area: theory and methods of teaching physics in high school

Serhiy Mieniailov, National Aviation University

PhD; Associate Professor.

Physics Department of the Educational and Research Institute of Information and Diagnostic Systems of National Aviation University

Education: Kiev State Pedagogical Gorky Institute (1976)

Research area: Theory and methods of teaching physics in high school

Serhiy Maximov, National Aviation University

Associate Professor.

Physics Department of the Educational and Research Institute of Information and Diagnostic Systems of National Aviation University

Education: Kiev Institute of Civil Aviation Engineers (1979).

Research area: radio-electronics; theory and methods of teaching physics in high school

Volodymyr Kalenchenko, National Aviation University

student of the Educational and Research Institute of Airnavigation; electronic and telecommunications of National Aviation University

Education: student

Research area: radio-electronics

References

World Economic Forum / System Initiatives https://www.weforum.org/system-initiatives (accessed 30.07.2018)

st Century Skills Map; Partnership for 21st century Skills [Online]. Available at: https://www.actfl.org/sites/default/files/CAEP/AppendixCAlignmentFramework21stCentury.pdf. (accessed 30.07.2018)

STEM-education. [Online]. Available at: https://teach.com/what/teachers-know/stem-education/. Accessed on: July; 12; 2017 (accessed 30.07.2018)

Polikhun N. I.; Slipukhina I. A.; Chernecjkyj I. S. (2017) Pedahohichna tekhnolohiya STEM yak zasib reformuvannya osvitn'oyi systemy Ukrayiny [STEM Pedagogical Technology as a Means to Reform the Ukrainian Educational System]. Osvita ta rozvytok obdarovanoyi osobystosti [Education and Development of Gifted Personality]; No. 3 (58); pp. 05-09. (in Ukrainian)

Trump Ivanka; Training for the Jobs of Tomorrow/ July 17; 2018 / The Wall Street Journal/. Available at: https://www.wsj.com/articles/training-for-the-jobs-of-tomorrow-1531868131 (accessed 30.07.2018)

Robinson K.; Aronica L. (2015) Creative Schools: The Grassroots Revolution That's Transforming Education. Viking Publ.; 320 p.

The New Ukrainian School [Online]. Available at: http://mon.gov.ua/Новини%202017/02/17/book-final-eng-cs-upd-16.01.2017.pdf. (accessed 31.07.2018)

Chernetskyi I. S.; Slipukhina I. A. (2015) Doslidnytska diialnist studentiv u konteksti vykorystannia naukovoho y inzhenernoho metodiv [Research activity of students in the context of the use of scientific and engineering methods] Vyshcha osvita Ukrainy: Teoretychnyi ta naukovo-metodychnyi chasopys. – Higher Education in Ukraine: Theoretical and Scientific Methodical Journal; no. 3. – Ann. 1. –pp. 216-225.

Guisasola J.; Zuza K. and Almudi J.-M. (2013) An analysis of how electromagnetic induction and Faraday's law are presented in general physics textbooks; focusing on learning difficulties. Eur. J. Phys; Vol. 34; pp.1015-1024. doi:10.1088/0143-0807/34/4/1015

Etkina E.; Karelina A. and Ruibal-Villaselor M. (2008) How long does it take? A study of student acquisition of scientific abilities. Phys. Rev. Spec. Top.; no 4; 020108 doi: 10.1103/PhysRevSTPER.4.020108

Homopolar generator. Available at: https://www.revolvy.com/page/Homopolar-generator. (accessed 30.07.2018)

Slipukhina І. A. ; Chernecjkyj I. S. ; Mjenjajlov S. M.; Rudnycjka Zh. O. Matejik Gh. D. (2016) Suchasnyy fizychnyy eksperyment u dydaktytsi STEM oriyentovanoho navchannya [A modern physical experiment in STEМ-based teaching didactics] Zbirnyk naukovykh prats' kam"yanets'-podil's'koho natsional'noho universytetu imeni Ivana Ohiyenka [Collection of scientific works of the Kamyanets-Podilsky National University named after Ivan Ogienko]; issue 22; pp. 325-328. (in Ukrainian).

Fourier education [Electronic Resource]. – Available at: http://fourieredu.com/2014–bett–awards/ (accessed 30.07.2018)

PHYWE. Universyty experiments. Induced voltage pulse and Faraday's law of induction with Cobra4 Xpert-Link / Available at: https://www.phywe.com/en/induced-voltage-pulse-and-faraday-s-law-of-induction-with-cobra4-xpert-link.html# (accessed 30.07.2018)

PHYWE. Physics Laboratory experiments. Induction impulse. (2008); P. 193/ Available at: http://www.phywe-es.com/index.php/fuseaction/download/lrn_file/phywe-tess-phy-lep-en.pdf (accessed 30.07.2018)

STEM-laboratoriia MANLab [STEM-laboratory MANLab]. Available at: http://stemua.science. (accessed 30.07.2018)

Kucheruk I. M.; Horbachuk I. T.; Lutsyk P. P; (za red. Kucheruka I. M.) (2001) Navchalnyi posibnyk dlia studentiv vyshchykh tekhnichnykh i pedahohichnykh zakladiv osvity [A manual for students of higher technical and pedagogical educational institutions]. Kyiv Technics; Vol. 2: Electricity and magnetism. – 452 s.

ACS712. Available at: http://www.alldatasheet.com/datasheet-pdf/pdf/168326/ALLEGRO/ACS712.html (accessed 30.07.2018)

Simple DC Voltage Sensor; VDC 25V. Available at: https://robotdyn.com/simple-dc-voltage-sensor-vdc-25v.html (accessed 30.07.2018)

LM393. Available at: http://www.ti.com/product/lm393?DCM=yes&HQS=TI-null-null-alldatasheets-df-pf-SEP-wwe&DCM=yes# (accessed 30.07.2018)

DSO Shell DIY Kit User Manual Rev. 07 Available at: https://www.jyetech.com/Products/LcdScope/UserManual_Shell_new.pdf (accessed 30.07.2018)

LM2596 SIMPLE SWITCHER® Available at: http://www.ti.com/lit/ds/symlink/lm2596.pdf (accessed 30.07.2018)

Kalenchenko V. R. (2017) Kompiuterno-oriientovana systema dlia laboratornykh doslidzhen z fizyky na bazi mikrokontrolera STM32 [Computer-based system for laboratory research on physics based on STM32 microcontroller ]// “Polit 2017; 2018”. Suchasni problemy nauky: Tezy dopovidei KhVII mizhnarodnoi naukovo-praktychnoi konferentsii molodykh uchenykh i studentiv. “Flight 2017; 2018”. Modern problems of science: Abstracts of the reports of the XVIII International Scientific and Practical Conference of Young Scientists and Students. Kyiv; p. 96. Available at: http://aki.nau.edu.ua/wp-content/uploads/%D0%A2%D0%B5%D0%B7%D0%B8.pdf (accessed 30.07.2018)

Published

2018-11-23

How to Cite

Slipukhina, I., Bovtruk, A., Mieniailov, S., Maximov, S., & Kalenchenko, V. (2018). STEM APPROACH TO PHYSICS STUDY OF FUTURE ENGINES: STUDY OF THE PHENOMENA OF ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION. Proceedings of the National Aviation University, 76(3), 107–116. https://doi.org/10.18372/2306-1472.76.13167

Issue

Section

PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION