FACTORS BEHIND EFFICIENCY OF INTERACTION BETWEEN REMOTE PILOT AND UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE
Keywords:desirability function, human-machine system, remote pilot, unmanned aerial vehicle
AbstractObjective. Based on probable reasons of aviation accidents in civil unmanned aviation and relative risks, various factors that influence safe and effective interaction of remote pilot and unmanned aerial vehicle are considered. Methods. To solve the problem some assumptions, which lie in the fact that one “human-machine” system was considered, were made. This system consists of one human and one machine. Unmanned aviation complex that consists of unmanned aerial vehicle, ground control station and data links was taken as the machine. Problem is observed on the stage of operation life cycle of aviation engineering. Results. The following significant reasons (factors) are considered, defined and formalized: control mode of unmanned aerial vehicle, technical level of unmanned aviation system components, organization of operator’s workplace of remote pilot, ambient environment (meteorological conditions) and quality of decision making of human – remote pilot. Based on summarized desirability function of E. Harington three experiments were performed and results were obtained. Discussion. The question of safe and effective unmanned aerial vehicle operation of commercial application is considered to be very problematic and therefore urgent.
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