FUNCTIONING MODEL OF THE AVIATION ROUTE NETWORK
Keywords:route network, transport technology, project, payback period, quarter, net profit, expenses
The problem of researching transportation systems is the cost of such research. It is impossible to conduct an experiment to study changes in passenger flows on routes when the cost of traveling on the route itself or on competitors' routes changes, because such experiments will have their own monetary impact on society and on transport enterprises. It is also difficult to conduct experiments on the state of the system when changing rolling stock, which is also very expensive given the existing scientific interest. A significant cost for the financial burden on transport enterprises or societies can significantly affect the financial flows of the manufacturer or society, and therefore such experiments and conclusions from experiments are not fully conducted, which can lead to uncertainty of actions at certain stages of the project development for the operation of a vehicle on the route. To prevent the occurrence of uncertainties, scientists have proposed modeling certain processes of the route operation. The disadvantages of this approach are that its actual implementation is limited to simulating a certain set of factors. As a result, the obtained models largely consider one route and the impact of one or two factors on it. The proposed model of the transport route network takes into account the interconnectedness of the simultaneous operation of many types of transport and their routes in the network. For the first time, an integrated approach to the study of transport processes is proposed, taking into account the dependence of economic indicators on technical ones and vice versa. The modeling of the route network of the entire region of Ukraine with simultaneous operation of water, air, road and rail transport is carried out. The results of the work demonstrate the model's capabilities in planning the functioning of the route on the example of air transport. It is determined that it is possible to establish dependencies between time and financial flows. This approach makes it possible to administer the passenger transportation system in the region with a thorough determination of the consequences of certain actions.
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