• Nick Vinogradov National aviation University, Kiev, Ukraine
  • Anastasie Lesnaya Kyiv National Economic University named after Vadym Hetman
  • Iliya Savinov Open International University of Human Development "Ukraine"



financial time series, homoscedasticityhomoscedasticity, heteroscedasticity, regression, auto regression and moving average


The article considers financial and economic time series in production, banking, and investment branches. Empirical research in the field of economics increasingly uses data at the individual or household level obtained from surveys. Some variables are difficult enough to measure that such problems arise even when estimating simple bivariate regressions; when panel data are used in ways that effectively distinguish much of the true change while adding to the noise. Results of analysis of real information give the reasons to suppose that the most adequate mathematic models of non-stationary financial time series are homoscedastic and heteroscedastic probabilistic models with partially unknown impact factors. We propose the auto regression and moving average (ARMA) models for analysis of homoscedastic series and auto regression and integrated moving average (ARIMA) models for analysis of heteroscedastic series. These models cover rather wide class of random processes, which are non-stationary in wide and narrow sense. Correct choice of model order allows getting the results with acceptable errors (discrepancy) using rather simple models. We showed the principal useless of tendency to non-critical enlarging of order of moving average and regression equations. Moreover, the model gets much more complicated, and the errors of extrapolation, corresponding with forecasting, grow very quickly. The article attempts a preliminary survey and analysis of time series data for the specification of a model of the interrelationship of variables. It should be recognized that the practical implementation of the above rules is not trivial. In particular, it is obvious that it is possible to obtain satisfactory estimates of the spectrum of financial and economic time series, but at the moment it is not clear how to quantitatively estimate volatility values, cooperation processes in conflict conditions, etc. Only further analysis, both theoretical and empirical, can provide answers to these questions. 

Author Biographies

Nick Vinogradov, National aviation University, Kiev, Ukraine

Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor

Anastasie Lesnaya, Kyiv National Economic University named after Vadym Hetman

Post-graduate student

Iliya Savinov, Open International University of Human Development "Ukraine"

Post-graduate student


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