• Mykola Kulyk National Aviation University
  • Larysa Volianska National Aviation University
  • Fedor Kirchu National Aviation University



Brayton cycle, closed-cyclegas turbine, carbon dioxide, nuclear reactor, heat recuperation


The concept of using a closed-cycle gas turbine plantfor a planetary energy supply system is considered in the article. The analysis of the currently relevant projects in the field of creating closed-cycle gas turbine plants for energy supply of spacecraft and autonomous objects is given.  General information on the main subsystems of power plants operating according Brayton closed cycle is presented. It is shown that the closed-cycle gas turbine having a compact and simple construction demonstrates to be an optimum approach for space nuclear power. The constituent components of the plant performing the cycle processes are a compressor, a turbine, a heat source, a cold source and a regenerator. Therefore, the working fluid performs a heat cycle in which thermal energy is converted into electrical energy, able to use in space and planetary devices.Particular attention is paid to the justification of the choice of the working fluid, the physicochemical properties of which significantly affect the working process of the plant and determine its main characteristics. The thermodynamic calculation of one of such plant is presented.

Author Biographies

Mykola Kulyk, National Aviation University

Dr. Sci. (Engineering), Professor of Aviation Engines Department, National Aviation University Education: Kiev, Institute of Civil Aviation Engineers (1978). Research area: assessment of the technical condition of aviation engines and power plants

Larysa Volianska, National Aviation University

Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate professorof Aviation Engines Department, National Aviation University. Education: Tula, Politekhnicheskiy Institut Tulgu (1972). Research area: heat engines

Fedor Kirchu, National Aviation University

Candidate of Technical Sciences, Associate professor of Aviation Engines Department, National Aviation University. Education: Kiev, National Aviation University (2003). Research area: improvement of gas-dynamic stability of turbine engine compressors


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How to Cite

Kulyk, M., Volianska, L., & Kirchu, F. (2020). ENERGY SUPPORT FOR THE PERMANENT MISSION TO MARS. Proceedings of National Aviation University, 82(1), 31–37.