ERGODESIGN FACTOR IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF UNMANNED AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS
Keywords:analysis, development, ergodesign, ergodesign requirements, ergonomics, evaluation, indicators, unmanned aircraft system
Purpose: the article deals with unmanned aircraft system (UAS) ergodesign issues related to their analysis, development, and evaluation, the main UAS ergodesign characteristics from the standpoint of ergodesign support for their development and operation. Methods: analytical and comparative. Result: UAS design is a technical and procedural complex with an anthropocentric orientation and connections. Their structure contains the actual design of the subject system and the description of interaction procedures with it. The essence and peculiarity of a system object ergodesign process is the design of not only subject but also the procedural composition of the system. It is singled out the basic principles of UAS design – it is the anthropocentric orientation of its component design options based on the operators` activity system analysis and the organization of subject environment for UAS components relying on functional comfort. Discussion: analysis, evaluation, development, and decision-making processes are based not only on quantitative characteristics but also on factors that cannot always be quantitatively measured (psychological, aesthetic, etc.). In some cases, at the first stage of UAS ergodesign, during the evaluation, when rigorous mathematical methods (algorithms and formulae) cannot be applied, it is necessary to rely on experts` professional judgments provided that these judgments are based on specially designed and formalized procedures. Further UAS ergodesign stages will be discussed in the following articles.
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