• Svitlana Madzhd National Aviation University
  • Yana Pysanko National Aviation University
  • Yelyzaveta Gogunska National Aviation University




river basin, hydroecosystem, maximum allowable concentration, small rivers, anthropogenic impact


The main objective of this work is the study of the ecological state of small rivers in the Irpin river basin within the Kyiv region. The establishment of the main reasons for the unsatisfactory ecological state of the investigated objects, among which are Nyvka, Kozka and Unawa rivers. Methods: The study used an ecosystem-basin approach, statistical processing of own data and monitoring data of public institutions. The systematization was carried out and a data bank of hydrochemical indicators of the Irpin river for a ten-year period was formed. Results: According to the results of studies, in all tributaries the norms of maximum allowable concentrations of pollutants are exceeded, which is the main destabilizing factor for the Irpin hydroelectric system. Conclusions on the environmental condition of the Irpin river were performed on the basis of the dynamics change of the water quality index in eight control points. For the quantitative ecological characteristics of the load on the hydroelectric system of the Irpin river basin, the index of anthropogenic impact in the control sections was calculated. Discussion: The obtained results stipulate the necessity of further study of structural and functional peculiarities of the development of the Irpin hydroelectric system in space and time. An estimation of the influence of anthropogenic factors on the state of the hydroecosystem will allow the correction of environmental protection activities to improve the ecological status of the studied basin.

Author Biographies

Svitlana Madzhd, National Aviation University

Ph. D. in tech. sc.

National aviation university, Kiev, Ukraine

Education:National Pedagogical Dragomanov University (2002)

National aviation university (2011)

Research area: improving environmental monitoring in the technosphere zone of influence of civil aviation, methods of improving the ecological state of the environment near airlines

Yana Pysanko, National Aviation University

Ph. D. stud.

Education: Kiev national university of construction and architecture (2015)


Research area: small and medium rivers, influence of civil aviation on hydrosphere

Yelyzaveta Gogunska, National Aviation University


National aviation university, Kiev, Ukraine

Research area: small and medium rivers


Methodology of studying the ecological status of small river basins: monograph / SovhiraS. V., Hоncharenko H. Ye., HoncharenkoV.H., BerchakV. S.; Umanstate. ped. University named after Pavlo Tychyna. - Uman : Publisher Sochinskyi M. М. 2016.—289 p.

Madzhd S. M. Environmental assessment of anthropogenically-modified systems of the Irpin River / S.М. Madzhd, Ya.І. Kulynych, А.А. Iavniuk // Visnyk. NAU. – 2017. – No.2. – pp. 93–98.

Madzhd S. М. Scientific methodology for assessing ecologically dangerous risks of the functioning of technogenically-modified water systems /S.М. Madzhd, Ya.І. Kulynych// Visnyk of Kremenchuk national university. – 2017. –No.4 (105). – pp. 88–95.

Udod V. M. Regional features of the structural and functional organization of the development of technogenically altered aquatic ecosystems /V.M. Udod, S.М. Madzhd, Ya.І. Kulynych// Visnyk of Kremenchuk national university. – 2017. – No.3 (104). – pp. 93–99.

Ladyka М. М., Korh О.V.System approach in assessing the ecological status of water catchments of small and medium rivers (on the example of Irpin river basin) 2014. - issue 4 (37). Vol. 3.Collection of scientific works SWorld. «Promising innovations in science, education, production and transport’ 2014» p.101-107

Slavins’ka О. S. Investigation of deformation of rivers, as heterogeneous streams, on sections of bridge transitions / О. S. Slavins’ka. // Collection of scientific works of NTU. – 2010. – p. 186–191.

Sliusar І. Т. Potential of productivity of drained organogenic soils of river floodplains / І. Т. Sliusar, H. І. Lychuk. // Reclamation and water management. – 2014. – No. 101. – p. 51–60.

Determination of the areas of eroded lands within the river basin / І.V.Voiyovych, А. М. Shevchenko, О. V. Vlasova, Т. І. Topol’nik. // Reclamation and water management. – 2011. – No. 99. – pp. 128–136.

Landscape-ecological analysis in small-scale nature management / М.D. Hrozhynskii, P.H. Shyshchenko. — К.: Lybyd’,1993.-224 p.

Vyshnevskyi V. І. Dnieperriver. – К.: Interpres LTD, 2011. – 384 p

Melioration of the floodplain of the Irpin river. 2015. Available at: http:// racechrono.ru/ melioraciya-poym/5435- melioraciya-poymy- r-irpenya.html

National report on the state of the environment in Ukraine in 2014 // Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine. 2016. Available at: http://www.menr.gov.ua/docs/activity-dopovidi/NacDopovid2014.pdf

Babych М.V., SheliukIu.S. Structural-functional characteristics of phitoplankton rates of Irpin // Biological researches – 2013: Materials of IV Ukrainian scientific-practical conference of young scientists and students. – Zhytomyr: Publ. RSU named after Ivan Franko, 2013. – pp.14–15

Regional report on the state of the natural environment of the Kiev region in 2012 [Electronic resource]. – Kyiv, 2013. - 293 pp. Available at: http://www.eco-kiev.com/

Hryb J.V. Hydroelecology of Nyvka river: Current state and outcomes of environmental risks / J.V. Hryb, Iu. М. Sytnyk, М. О. Borbat. // Fishery science of Ukraine. – 2010. – p. 79–88.



How to Cite

Madzhd, S., Pysanko, Y., & Gogunska, Y. (2019). ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF SMALL RIVERS OF IRPIN RIVER BASIN BY EKOSYSTEM PRINCIPLE. Proceedings of National Aviation University, 77(4), 81–87. https://doi.org/10.18372/2306-1472.77.13501